BMW Headquarters building and the bowl shaped BMW museum, Wikimedia Commons
Munich, Germany - is the capital and largest city of the state of Bavaria, located on the River Isar north of the Bavarian Alps. It's the third largest city in Germany after Berlin and Hamburg and home to many national and international businesses, universities, museums and theaters. Its architectural attractions, international sports events, exhibitions and conferences and the Munich Oktoberfest attract considerable tourism. In 2013, Monocle ranked Munich as the world's most livable city with the highest quality of life.
In 1923 Hitler and his supporters in Munich, staged the Beer Hall Putsch, to overthrow the Weimar Republic. The revolt failed, resulting in Hitler's arrest and the temporary crippling of the Nazi Party, virtually unknown outside Munich. The city became a Nazi stronghold when the National Socialists took power in 1933. They created their first concentration camp at
Dachau, 10 miles (16 kilometres) north-west of the city. The city was heavily damaged by allied bombing,
71 air raids over a period of five years. After US occupation in 1945, Munich was completely rebuilt, the site of the
1972 Summer Olympics, during which Israeli athletes were assassinated by the Palestinian "Black September" group.
Munich is home to several professional football teams including
Bayern Munich, Germany's most successful club and a multiple UEFA Champions League winner. Munich is a major European cultural centre, playing host to many prominent composers.
The city is the second largest publishing center in the world (around 250 publishing houses have offices in the city), and many national and international publications are published here.
The Hofbräuhaus am Platzl, the most famous beer hall worldwide, is in the city centre and operates the second largest tent at the
Oktoberfest, one of Munich's most famous attractions. For two weeks, the Oktoberfest attracts millions of people visiting its beer tents ("Bierzelte") and fairground attractions. Despite its name, most of Oktoberfest occurs in September, finishing on the first Sunday in October. Munich is famous for its breweries and the Weissbier (or Weizenbier, wheat beer) is a speciality from Bavaria.